Television J.L. Baird
Radio Marconi
Telephone Alexander Graham Bell
Electricity Benjamin Franklin
Electric Light Bulb Thomas Edison
Thermometer Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Radium Marie Curie
Telescope Galileo
Telegraph Pavel Schilling
Electromagnetic Theory Heinrich Hertz
Theory of Relativity Albert Einstein
X-rays Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
Cosmic Rays R.A. Millikan
Automobile Ferdinand Verbiest
Penicillin Sir Alexander Fleming
Insulin Frederick Banting
Magnetic Tape Fritz Pfluemer
Raman Effect Sir C.V. Raman
Bohr Electron Theory
Boyle Boyle’s Law
Dalton Atomic Theory
Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev
Transformer and Electric


Michael Faraday
Geometry Euclid
Structure of Atom Ernest Rutherford
Law of Gases Gay Lussac
Electromagnetic Field James Clerk Maxwell
Motion of Planets Johannes Kepler
Principle of relativity Galileo Galilei
Newtons Law of Motion


Isaac Newton


Electron J.J. Thomson
Photon Albert Einstein
Theory of Atom John Dalton
Blood Groups Karl Landsteiner
Quantum Mechanics Max Born
Quantum Theory


Max Plank




The Uttarakhand Public Service Commission (UKPSC) combined state upper subordinate service examination (PCS PRE Exam 2012), which was successfully held on 30th November 2014 at various examination centers.

Since the UKPSC has adopted CSAT  from this year and considering the difficulty level in General Aptitude for non- Maths background aspirants, the expected cut-off for Preliminary exam would be around 185-190 (General) . In the GA paper, there are some questions having more than one answers or the incorrect answer being shown in Official answer key.

Although the General Studies was easy but with negative marking in the paper, its never easy to score 110/150 for every Tom Dick and Harry. Some of the questions asked in GS were very tricky this time. For example:

1) Who is the author of the book ‘ The Accumulation of Capital’? a)Joan Robinson b) Adam smith c)Lord Maynard Keynes d) None Most of the students have marked Adam Smith as he has written ‘The wealth of Nations’ but the correct answer is Joan Robinson.

2) There was a question on E-mail message, while most of the candidates opted for E-mail spamming but the correct one was E-mail bombing.

3) In Cyber Law ‘DOS’ means; Maximum candidates right away went for Disk Operating System instead of Denial Of service.

4) There was a question on New Development Bank by BRICS coountries: Maximum candidates opted for $100 bn instead of $50bn as $100 bn was the initial authorised capital while $50 bn was the initial subsidized capital.

The General Aptitude section was completely within reach of Bank P.O/Clerk aspirants as they are habitual of tackling statement and assumption, conclusion type question. This section was full of Maths and reasoning questions. Although the paper was not very tough but it wasn’t easy either.

After negative marking the likely score in GS: 100-105/150       &        GA: 85-90/150. Expected cut-off  in Uttarakhand PCS (pre): 185-190/300 (General)

Category The expected cut-off Marks
General 185-190
OBC 160-170
SC 140-150
ST 125-135

So, those who have scored more than 185 marks should start preparations for PCS mains and those who are near 180 marks must fill up the objection formats in support of their claims in the disputed questions and answers.

I hope you would find your names in the list of 2500 aspirants clearing the first hurdle. Best of Luck Guys!


Which state has high density of population? Bihar

Which state has low density of population?


Arunanchal Pradesh


Which state has highest sex ratio?




Which state has lowest sex ratio?




What is the density of Population of India?




What is the sex ratio of India?




What is the total population of India according to 2011 census?


121 Crores


Which Union territory has highest sex ratio?




Which Union territory has lowest sex ratio?




What is the number of districts in India according to census 2011?




Which state has highest rural population according to census 2011?


Uttar Pradesh


Which state has lowest rural population according to census 2011?




Which state has highest urban population according to census 2011?




Which state has lowest urban population according to census 2011?




Which is the most populous state in India?


Uttar Pradesh


Which is the least populous state in India?




What is the rate of growth of population of India according to 2011



17.64 percent


Which state has highest fertility rate in India?




Literacy rate in India according to Census 2011?


74.04 percent


Male Literacy rate in India according to Census 2011?


82.14 percent


Female Literacy rate in India according to Census 2011?


65.46 percent


Who was the 2011 Census Commissioner of India?


C. Chandramouli


What is the Birth Rate as per 2011 Census (per Thousand) ?




What is the Death Rate as per 2011 Census (Per Thousand)?




What is the Life Expectancy at Birth of total population of India?


65.5 years


Which is the most literate state in India?




Which is the least literate state in India?




Which is the most literate Union territory in India?




Which is the least literate Union territory in India?


Dadar and Nagar




Afghanistan — Shora
Andorra — General Council
Albania — People’s Assembly
Azerbaijan — Melli Majlis
Algeria — National People’s Assembly
Angola — National People’s Assembly
Argentina — National Congress
Australia — Federal Parliament
Austria — National Assembly
Bahamas — General Assembly
Bahrain — Consultative Council
Bangladesh — Jatiya Sansad
Belize — National Assembly
Bhutan — Tshogdu
Bolivia — National Congress
Brazil — National Congress
Brunei — National Assembly
Botswana — National Assembly
Britain — Parliment (House of Common’s & House of
Bulgaria — Narodno Subranie.
Cambodia — National Assembly
Congo Democratic — Rep. of National Legislative
Colombia — Congress
Canada — Parliament
China — National People’s Congress
Chile — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Comoros — Legislative Council and Senate
Costa Rice — Legislative Council and Senate
Crotia — Sabor
Cuba — National Assembly of People’s Power
Czech Republic — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Denmark — Folketing
Ecuador — Natinal Congress
El Salvador — Legislative Assembly
East Timor — Constituent Assembly
Ethiopia — Federal Council and House of
Egypt — People’s Assembly
Fiji Islands — Senate & House of Representative
France — National Assembly
Finland — Eduskusta (Parliament)
Germany — Bundestag(Lower House),Bundesrat
Guyana — National Assembly
Greece — Chamber of Deputies
Hungary — National Assembly
Iceland — Althing
India — Parliament
Indonesia — People’s Consultative Assembly
Iran — Majlis
Iraq — National Assembly
Israel — Knesset
Italy — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Japan — Diet
Jordan — National Assembly
Korea(North) — Supreme People’s Assembly
Korea(South) — National Assembly
Kuwait — National Assembly
Kenya — National Assembly
Laos — People’s Supreme Assembly
Labanon — National Assembly
Lesotho — National Assembly and Senate
Lithuania — Seimas
Luxembourg — Chamber of Deputies
Liberia — National Assembly
Libya — General People’s Congress
Malaysia — Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
Maldives — Majlis Madagascar — National People’s
Mongolia — Great People’s Khural
Montenegro — Federal Assembly
Mozambique — People’s Assembly
Myanmar — Pyithu Hluttaw
Nepal — National Panchayat
Netherlands — The State General
Norway — Storting
New Zealand — Parliament (House of
Oman — Monarchy
Pakistan — National Assembly & Senate
Paraguay — Senate & Chamber of Deputies
Philippines — The Congress
Papua New Guinea — National Parliament
Poland — Sejm
Romania — Great National Assembly
Russia — Duma & Federal Council
Serbia — Federal Assembly
Senegal — National Assembly
Seychelles — People’s Assembly
Somalia — People’s Assembly
South Africa — Rep. House of Assembly
Spain — Cortes
Sweden — Riksdag
Saudi Arabia — Majlis Al Shura
Sudan — National Assembly
Switzerland — Federal Assembly
Syria — People’s Council
Turkey — Grand National Assembly
Tunisia — National Assembly
USA — Congress
Vietnam — National Assembly
Venezuela — National Congress
Zaire — National Legislative Council
Zambia — National Assembly



Start where you stand

and never mind the past,

the past won’t help you in beginning new.

If you have left it all behind at last.

Why, that’s enough,

you are done with it, you are through;

This is another chapter in the book,

this is another race that you have planned.

Start where you stand,

The world won’t care about your old defeats.

If you start anew and win success,

The future is your time, and time fleets.

And there is much of work and strain and stress;

Forget the buries woes and dead despairs

Here is a brand new trial right at hand

The future is for him who does & dares,

Start where you stand— Berton Braley

Stay motivated, keep your nerves under control….



Lunatic पागल , विक्षिप्त , Insane, Mad, Frantic

Luna chalane wale पागल hote hain. (Who rides Luna these days?)

Annihilate विनाशकरना, अस्तित्व  मिटादेना Destroy, Exterminate, Ruin

Anni k sir pe 5 ghare the, Anni ke Hilate hi sab Destroy go gaye!

Bleak सूना, रूखा, निराशाजनक, ठंडा Cheerless, Cold, Dismal

Blood Leak (B-leak) ho to cold feel hota hai.

Grave गंभीर , चिंताजनक , समाधी ,Serious, Alarming, Unpleasant

Graves ( समाधी) of Brave,

Brave are Grave (serious)

Dearth आभाव, अकाल Scarcity, Shortage, Deficiency

Degradation of Earth brings Dearth(अकाल)

Facile मिलनसार, सुगम, सरल Easy, smooth

Face pe   Smile ho to sab kuch Easy ho jata hai

Lethal घातक, नाशकारी, Deadly

Shetal is lethal (deadly beautiful).

Frugal अल्पवयी, बचानेवाला , मितव्ययी Economical, Thrifty, Sparing

Frock wali Gal (Manju) is Frugal (kanjus hai)

Taint धब्बा, कलंक, विकृति, spot, spoil, decay

Paint se Taint lag gaya!

Vanity घमंड, अहंकार, conceit, Pride

Vani is an Arrogant girl!

Try to learn them any way. English is not our mother tongue and in order to learn its words we have to make some memorable associations with our own language and past experiences. Initially I also got afraid of unfamiliar words, but there is no other way to escape!

We have to learn them by hook or by crook. No one is coming to ask how you learnt them, so make some funny pictures in mind and build your armoury…

And don’t forget to share this post with your friends!!!

ज्ञान बाँटने से बढ़ताहै!!!



  • Apprehension:        अनुभव, डर, शंका, गिरफ़्तार, Fear,  Arrest, Concern
  • Benign:                       अनुकूल, दयालु, सौम्य,Kind, Gentle, Beneficial
  • Cardinal:                   प्रधान, प्रमुख, मुख्य, Chief, Important, Significant
  • Jeopardize:              जोखिम में डालना, Endanger, Peril, Risk, Hazard
  • Lucid:                          साफ़, चमकीला Clear, Bright, Understandable
  • Magnanimous:      उदार Kind, Generous, Liberal, Noble, Charitable
  • Notion:                      धारणा, विचार, भावना, Belief, Concept, Idea, View
  • Outrage :                  अत्याचार, उपद्रव ,दुर्व्यवहार, Injury, Insult, Offend,
  • Prodigal:                   खर्चीला,उदार, अतिव्यय, Extravagant, Careless,                                            Lavish, Spendthrift, Reckless,
  • Quench:                    बुझाना, शांतकरना, ठंडाकरना, नष्टकरना Mitigate                                         Extinguish, Suppress, Alleviate

I am dedicating this section for the improvement of vocabulary for exams. It takes a huge time to master this section of English, but if you prepare it in a planned way then you can score sufficient marks. Almost 15 to 20 questions appear in the form of antonyms and synonyms. Ignorance  of vocabulary is suicidal in exams.

These words are very important for various competitive exams. From my own experience I can assure you that these words are being repeated again and again in different exams. Learn these words and smile in examination hall when they come in front of you!

keep visiting!!!



प्र० अंग्रेजों के शाषन काल में बंगाल विभाजन की योजना कब प्रभावी हुई थी?

1) 7 अगस्त, 1905

2) 14 अक्टूबर, 1905

3) 20 जुलाई, 1905

4) 16 अक्टूबर, 1905



उत्तर० 16 अक्टूबर, 1905

बंगाल प्रेसीडेंसी तत्कालीन सभी प्रेसिडेंसीएस में सबसे बड़ी थी, इसमें पस्च्मि और पूर्वी बंगाल सहित बिहार और ओर्रिसा भी शामिल थे. असम बंगाल से 1874 में ही अलग हो चूका था.

यद्यपि तत्कालीन गवर्नर जनरल ने इस विभाजन का कारण प्रशाशनिक असुविधा बताया परन्तु विभाजन का वास्तविक कारण कुछ और था क्यूंकि बंगाल उस समय राष्ट्रीय चेतना का केंद्र बिंदु था और इसी चेतना को नष्ट करने के लिए बंगाल विभाजन का निर्णय लिया गया .

20 जुलाई  1905 बंगाल विभाजन के निर्णय की घोषणा हुई.7 अगस्त को कलकत्ता के टाउन हॉल में संपन्न एक बैठक में स्वदेशी आंदोलन की घोषणा हुई तथा बहिष्कार प्रस्ताव पारित हुआ.16 अक्टूबर 1905 को बंगाल विभाजन की योजना प्रभावी हो गई .

विभाजन के बाद पूर्वी बंगाल और असम को मिलकर एक नया प्रान्त बनाया गया जिसमे राजशाही, चटगांव , ढाका आदि सम्मिलित थे जहाँ की कुल जनसँख्या 3 करोड़ थी, ढाका यहाँ की राजधानी थी.

विभाजित बंगाल के दूसरे भाग में प० बंगाल, बिहार और ओरिसा थे , जिसकी कुल आबादी 5 करोड़ थी जिनमे 4 करोड़ हिन्दू और १ करोड़ मुस्लिम थे.

16 अक्टूबर, 1905 का दिन समूचे बंगाल में शोकदिवस के रूप में मना गया लोगो ने उब्वास रखा, वन्देमाराम के गीत गए औरएक दूसरे को राखी बंधी, इस दिन को राखी दिवस के रूप में भी मनाया गया.

बंगाल विभाजन का विरोध दिन प्रतिदिन बढ़ता जा रहा था, बंगाली बुधीजनो ने विभाजन को अपनी एकता और राष्ट्रवाद पर प्रहार माना और इस कृत्य को बंगाल की संस्कृति, इतिहास, भाषा का अपमान के रूप में देखा गया. राष्ट्रवादियों ने इस प्रस्ताव को अंग्रेजो की “फुट डालो और राज करो” की नीति का अंग करार दिया.

बंगाल विभाजन का चाहे कुछ भी प्रशाशनिक आधार बताया गया हो पर इतिहास में यह लार्ड कर्जन की एक भयंकर भूल के नाम से जानी गयी, इस कुकृत्य से अंग्रेजो की मंशा का साक्षात्कार पुरे देश को हो गया था.

1911 में बंगाल को फिर एक कर दिया गया , बंगाल विभाजन और उसके परिणाम स्वरुप जो विरोध उत्पन्न हुआ उसने भविष्य में होने वाले राष्ट्रीय अन्दोलानो के लिए देश को एकजुट करने का महत्वपूर्ण कार्य किया.

competitive exam question


प्रशन: कांग्रेस का प्रथम विभाजन कब और किस अधिवेशन में हुआ था ?

१) 1916, लखनऊ अधिवेशन

२) 1906, कलकत्ता अधिवेशन

३) 1907, सूरत अधिवेशन

४) 1905 , बनारस अधिवेशन

उत्तर: 1907, सूरत अधिवेशन

सूरत का अधिवेशन 26 दिसंबर 1907  को ताप्ती नदी के किनारे हुआ था. 1907  में सूरत में आयोजित कांग्रेस के वार्षिक अधिवेशन में उदारवादियों और उग्रपंथी  में अध्यक्ष के पद को लेकर कांग्रेस  का विभाजन हो गया. उग्रपंथी जहाँ लाला लाजपत राय को कांग्रेस के सूरत अधिवेशन का अध्यक्ष बनाना चाहते थे, वहीँ उदारवादी रास बिहारी बोस को कांग्रेस का अध्यक्ष बनें चाहते थे. अंतता रास बिहारी अध्यक्ष बनने में सफल हुए.

सम्मलेन में उग्रपंथी द्वारा 1906  के कलकत्ता अधिवेशन में पास करवाये गए 4  प्रस्ताव स्वदेशी, बहिष्कार , राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा और स्वशाशन के प्रयोग को लेकर विवाद और गहरा गया और अंतता दोनों पक्षों में खुले संघर्स के बाद कांग्रेस में पहला विभाजन हो गया.

Exams are fun not fear

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