CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ACTS- INDIA

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ACTS- INDIA

Article 368 of the Indian Constitution deals with the Amendment procedure of the Constitution itself. A bill of Amendment must be passed in each house of the Parliament by a majority of the total membership of the Houses (separately) and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting.

If any bill of amendment is passed by the Lower Houses and the Upper Houses recommends some changes which the former does not accept then a join sitting of both the Houses are called and convened by the President and the bill is passed.

Following  list contains some very important Constitutional Amendments carried out in Indian Constitution:-

NUMBER OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS & YEAR

 

AMENDED SUBJECT

(IMPORTANT ASPECTS)

First (1), 1951

Land reform acts were put into Ninth Schedule to make them out of Jurisdiction of courts.

 

Seventh (7), 1956

State Reorganisation in 14 States and 6 Union territories

 

Tenth (10), 1961 Dadar Nagar Haweli admitted to the Union of India

 

Twelfth (12), 1962 Goa, Daman and Diu Admitted to the Union of India

 

Fourteenth (14), 1962 Pondicherry was admitted to the Union of India as a union territory

 

Twenty-First (21),1967 Sindhi Language was added in the Eighth Schedule

 

Twenty fourth (24), 1971 Parliament was given power to amend any part of the Constitution including Fundamental Rights

 

Twenty- Fifth (25), 1971 The Fundamental Rights were subordinated to the Directive Principles of State Policy

 

Thirty Sixth (36), 1974 Sikkim was given the status of a full state

 

Forty-second (42) , 1976 It is called MINI CONSTITUTION

 

The words Secular, Socialist and Integrity added in the Preamble

 

Primacy given to Directive principles of state policy over the Fundamental rights

 

The Fundamental Duties added.

 

The president Shall be bound by the advice of the Council of Ministers. Etc.

Forty-forth (44), 1978 The Fundamental Right to property was abolished and made a legal right

 

Fifty-Second(52), 1985 Provisions Relating to the anti-defection Law were added

 

Fifty-sixth (56), 1987 Goa was made 25th State of India

 

Sixty One(61), 1988 The minimum age limit prescribed to get voting right was reduced to 18 years from 21 years.

 

Sixty Ninth(69), 1991 The Union territory of Delhi was named as National Capital Territory of Delhi.

 

Seventieth (70), 1992 The members of Legislative Assemblies of Delhi and Pondicherry were given right to participation in the election of the President

 

Seventy One (71), 1992 Nepali, Konkani and Manipuri languages included in the eighth schedule.

 

Seventy third (73),1992 Provisions relating to the constitution, election, finance and function of PANCHAYT RAJ bodies
Seventy Fourth (74),1992 Provisions relating to the constitution, election, finance and function of Municipalities

 

Seventy Seven (77), 1995 Provisions made for the reservation of SC/ST in the promotion in public services.

 

Eighty Sixth(86), 2002 Articles 21A, 45 and 51A Inserted
Ninty one (91),2003 Further restrictions on Defections, only complete mergers will be recognised.

 

The strength of council of ministers both at the centre and in the states to be fixed at 15 percent of the total membership of the lower house.

 

Ninty second (92),2003 Maithili, Bodo, Dogri and Santhali included in the eighth schedule.

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